General Health

Sun Care 1

General Hot Weather Tips To Stay Safe

The best thing to do in the hot weather is stay out of the direct sun, especially between 11am and 3pm as UV rays are strongest during these hours.

It is important to check that older friends, family and neighbours are coping during the hot weather. Keep in touch over the phone and follow the guidance on how to safely care for others

It is important to check that older friends, family and neighbours are coping during the hot weather. Keep in touch over the phone and follow the guidance on how to safely care for others

Rest immediately in a cool place if you have painful muscular spasms and drink plenty of cool drinks. Seek medical attention if you feel unusual symptoms or if symptoms persist. 

NHS stop smoking services help you quit

Local stop smoking services are free, friendly and can massively boost your chances of quitting for good.

These services staffed by expert advisers provide a range of proven methods to help you quit.

They'll give you accurate information and advice, as well as professional support, during the first few months you stop smoking. 

They also make it easy and affordable for you to get stop smoking treatments, such as:

  • Varenicline (Champix)
  • Bupropion (Zyban)
  • nicotine replacement therapy, such as patches and gum


Tips to stop smoking

If you want to stop smoking, contact your local stop smoking service, which provides the best chance of stopping completely and forever.

Here are some ways to boost your chances of stopping smoking for good.

  • Use stop smoking treatments like nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) or e-cigarettes.
  • See an NHS stop smoking expert. It's free and will increase your chances of quitting for good. You can talk about which stop smoking aids will work best for you, and they can provide additional support such as advice on coping with cravings. They can also talk to you about the two stop smoking medicines available on prescription: varenicline (Champix) and bupropion (Zyban)
  • If you're not as successful as you want to be, you'll still have learnt something to help you next time. The more comfortable you are using the support available, the better prepared you'll be for stopping completely next time.
  • If you take antipsychotic medicines or antidepressants, it's important you talk to your GP or psychiatrist before you stop smoking – the dosage of these medicines may need to be monitored and the amount you need to take could be reduced.


How to contact a stop smoking adviser

Your GP can refer you, or you can phone your local stop smoking service to make an appointment with an adviser.

In England

In Scotland

In Wales

 Alcohol support

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Realising you have a problem with alcohol is the first big step to getting help.

 If you have become dependent on alcohol, you will have found it difficult to fully control your drinking in some way.

So you'll probably need some help either to cut down and control your drinking or stop completely, and also some plans to maintain the improvement after that.

A good place to start is with a GP. Try to be accurate and honest about how much you drink and any problems it may be causing you.

The GP may suggest different types of assessment and support options available to you, such as from local community alcohol services.

If you have become physically dependent and need to stop drinking completely, stopping overnight could be harmful.

You should get advice about this and about any medicine you may need to do this safely.

The sorts of withdrawal symptoms that suggest you may need medicine include:

  • anxiety after waking
  • sweating and tremors
  • nausea or retching in the morning
  • vomiting
  • hallucinations
  • seizures or fits


Staying healthy and in control

Cutting down or stopping drinking is usually just the beginning, and most people will need some degree of help or a long-term plan to stay in control or completely alcohol free.

Getting the right support can be crucial to maintaining control in the future. Only relying on family, friends or carers for this often is not enough.

Ask a GP or alcohol service about what longer-term support is available in your area.

Self-help or mutual aid groups (groups such as AA or SMART Recovery groups) are accessible in most areas.

Useful contacts for alcohol problems

  • Drinkline is the national alcohol helpline. If you're worried about your own or someone else's drinking, you can call this free helpline in complete confidence. Call 0300 123 1110 (weekdays 9am to 8pm, weekends 11am to 4pm).
  • Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is a free self-help group. Its "12 step" programme involves getting sober with the help of regular support groups.
  • Al-Anon Family Groups offers support and understanding to the families and friends of problem drinkers, whether they're still drinking or not. Alateen is part of Al-Anon and can be attended by 12- to 17-year-olds who are affected by another person's drinking, usually a parent.
  • We Are With You is a UK-wide treatment agency that helps individuals, families and communities manage the effects of drug and alcohol misuse. If you are over 50 and worried about your drinking, call 0808 8010 750



Sleep and Tiredness

Feeling exhausted is so common that it has its own acronym, TATT, which stands for "tired all the time".

We all feel tired from time to time. The reasons are usually obvious and include:

  • too many late nights
  • long hours spent at work
  • a baby keeping you up at night

But tiredness or exhaustion that goes on for a long time is not normal. It can affect your ability to get on and enjoy your life.

For some self - help tips and advice on:

understanding Tiredness: Why am I tired all the time? - NHS (

managing Tiredness visit: Self-help tips to fight tiredness - NHS (